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Cegal technology and energy dictionary

Have you ever been annoyed by three-letter abbreviations, constantly new, or words and expressions unknown to you that are difficult to understand? You are not alone. Players in the IT industry often confuse customers with concept sketches, complex platform messages and three-letter abbreviations. This is something we at Cegal want to do something about.

This is why we have created this dictionary, with relevant words and expressions in technology and energy. In the dictionary you will find an overview with explanations of selected concepts together with a short description of what Cegal does in the relevant areas.

 

Sources: The background information is taken from Energy Norway, Wikipedia, SNL (Store norske leksikon) and NVE (Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate).

Woodland with question marks on trees
Angular
Angular is a modern open-source TypeScript-based development platform.
Avary
Cegal Blueback Avary is a re-designed, highly optimized post-stack processing and geophysical prospect de-risking workflow.
Application Development
Application development is about identifying a need, and then putting in place exactly the solution that will cover the need.
Ansible
Ansible is a simple IT (Information Technology) automation platform that makes your applications and systems easier to implement and maintain.
AVO
Exploring the AVO relationships in seismic data can prove to be extremely valuable and can provide information about possible oil and gas accumulations.
Access point
In order for companies to send electronic invoices, they must connect to an access point in the e-commerce network.
Azure DevOps
As the name suggests, Azure DevOps has a broad scope. However, Azure DevOps is not the same as DevOps, and it is not actually necessary to use Azure either
Apple Pay
Launched in 2014, Apple Pay is Apple's own mobile payment and digital wallet service.
AvtaleGiro
AvtaleGiro is a Norwegian payment service for the automatic payment of regular bills.
APEX
Oracle Application Express (APEX) is a low-code development framework which makes it possible to build scalable, secure enterprise apps, with a variety of features, which can be distributed anywhere.
Agile
‘Agile’ comes from the word ‘agility’, which means agile or mobile. For us, it's about working smarter by shifting our focus in the way we develop software.
Azure
Azure is a cloud platform and cloud infrastructure developed by Microsoft.
AWS
AWS stands for “Amazon Web Services”, a global cloud platform which offers hundreds of IT services from a global network of data centres.
Application integration
Application integration is the process of enabling independently designed applications to work together.
API
API stands for “Application Programming Interface”, also known as programming interface, is a software intermediary that enables two applications to talk to each other.
Automation
Automation is a technical process which aims to make a phenomenon automatic, so that it controls itself to some degree.
AI
AI stands for Artificial Intelligence, or Artificial Intelligence, a collective term for technologies that make computer systems “intelligent”.
AMS
AMS stands for “Advanced Measurement Systems”. The new electricity meters are also referred to by many other names, such as smart meter.
Back-end
Backend development is also called server-side programming. This is the development of the server software in a web application. This often delivers data and information in a format Frontend can easily use, usually via an API.
Blueback Reservoir
Cegal and Blueback Reservoir joined forces in 2014 to provide a global offering of both IT and software services, and solutions to the oil and gas industry.   
Basecare Discover™
Basecare Discover is a secure and simple SYSCO solution for monitoring database systems and proactively maintaining them.
Backup
A backup is a copy of data. The copy is produced with the aim of enabling data to be recreated in the event that it is lost.
BaseCenter
BaseCenter service which takes total responsibility for the customer's operation, maintenance and development of databases, integration platforms and integrations.
Big Data
Big Data is an expression that is used in relation to a massive volume of both structured and unstructured data.
Boost.ai
Boozt.ai is a Norwegian chatbot company which produces software based on artificial intelligence.
Business Intelligence (BI)
BI stands for “Business Intelligence”, an umbrella term for IT tools which collect and analyse information stored in your company's various computer systems.
C#
C# (C Sharp) is an object-oriented, multi-paradigm programming language developed and maintained by Microsoft, and launched with Microsoft's .net framework.
CSS
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is used to style and lay out web pages. CSS allows us to control exactly how HTML elements look in the browser, presenting the markup using whatever design you like.
Cyber security
Cyber security is the protection of information and systems in Cyberspace, which include the interaction of people, processes, and technology.
Cloud Native
Cloud Native is an approach to building and running systems which exploit the benefits of the Cloud computing delivery model.
CIS System
A Customer Information System (CIS) is a business-critical system for the energy companies.
CaaS
By using a Client as a Service (CaaS) solution, a partner can administer and manage its customer's laptops and desktop PCs throughout the entire lifecycle.
CSR
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is about focus and work, on a voluntary basis, around social and environmental considerations.
Container technology
Container technology is a method of packaging an application so that it can run in isolation from other processes.
Chatbot
A chatbot, a short form of chat-bot, is software which a person can talk to via a chat interface.
Cloud Computing
Cloud computing, online cloud, cloud, the cloud or cloud services is a collective term for common IT services which are offered from a network of data centres.
DataOps
DataOps combines agile development, DevOps and Lean manufacturing.
Data Lakehouse
Combining the best of a Data Lake with a Data Warehouse, Data Lakehouse stores the vast amounts of organized, semi-structured and unstructured data that it receives from various business applications, systems and gadgets in an enterprise.
Data Crawling
Data crawling is a method which involves data mining from different web sources.
Database Monitoring
The monitoring of databases is used in mission-critical environments in order to obtain advance warnings or pointers if something is wrong, or about to go wrong.
DBA
A database administrator, or DBA, is an information engineer who is responsible for managing or performing all activities relating to maintenance of a successful database environment.
Data Migration
Data migration is the process of transferring large amounts of data from one place to another. Such transfers are often carried out in connection with system upgrades or replacements.
Disaster Recovery
Disaster recovery (DR) means having guidelines, procedures and tools in place which enable businesses to regain the use of critical systems and IT infrastructure as soon as possible following a disaster.
Dedupe
Dedupe is an abbreviation of ‘deduplication’. It means eliminating unnecessary copies of a file or parts of a file.
Data Warehouse
A data warehouse is a central database where we collect different types of data from the business and compile data in a way that makes it easy to gain insight.
Digital Twin
A digital twin is defined as a digital or virtual copy of a physical object which exists in the real world.
Design Thinking
In Design thinking, new solutions are developed based on the actual needs of the end user.
Digital Transformation
Digital transformation is the use of new, fast and often changing digital technology to solve problems. It is about transforming manual processes into digital processes or further digitalising existing digital processes.
DL (Deep Learning)
DL stands for Deep learning, a learning process which aims to train what are known as ‘deep artificial neural networks’. This is a pivotal method in machine learning – where is based on the principle that computers should acquire knowledge about something they do not know or can do already.
Digitalization
The concept of digitalisation is used not only to convert analogue data into digital, but also to introduce digital technology which streamlines processes and transforms everyday life.
DevOps
DevOps is a holistic concept for systematic and structured collaboration between development and operations teams – Development/Dev and Operations/Ops.
DBaaS
Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) is a cloud database, a database that typically runs on a cloud platform, where access to the database is provided as a service.
Data Centre
A data centre is a building, a dedicated room in a building, or a group of buildings that is used to house computers, computer systems and associated components.
Data Wrangling
Data wrangling, sometimes known as Data munging, can be explained as data reconciliation, data adjustment or data arranging.
Data Mining
Data mining is a process, while computer science is a field. The aim of data mining is to make the data more usable, while the aim of data science is to build data-centric products for an organisation.
Database
A database is a collection of data/information that is stored on a single electronic medium, so that a computer program can consult it in order to answer questions.
Ethical AI
Ethical AI is artificial intelligence that follows well-defined ethical guidelines that concern fundamental values.
ESG
ESG is an abbreviation that stands for Environmental, Social, and Governance.
eInvoice 2.0
With eFaktura 2.0 and the "Yes please to everything" functionality, the consumer accepts all eFaktura agreements in their online banking system.
eInvoice B2C
eFaktura B2C is a Norwegian service which enables companies to send invoices electronically to their private customers
eInvoice B2B
eFaktura B2B (Business – Business) enables companies to send electronic invoices to customers and suppliers.
EHF
EHF (Electronic Trading Format) is a Norwegian adaptation to a pan-European invoice format. It is used by central government, municipal and private enterprises for receiving invoices.
Edge Computing
Edge Computing is a term that is used when data is to be stored and processed close to the source or users of the data.
ELMA
ELMA (a Norwegian abbreviation for “Electronic recipient address register”) is a Norwegian register of enterprises which can accept documents in EHF format.
ERP
Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), also known as a financial system. It is not necessarily a single product, but a suite of applications that ‘talk to each other’.
Enova
Enova is a state-owned enterprise which aims to contribute to more efficient and renewable energy and climate solutions
EnergyX
EnergyX is a division of SYSCO that develops and delivers products and services linked to the collection and validation of key figures used in pivotal business processes through the energy value chain.
Energy
Energy is used in so many different fields; here, we are concentrating on energy as defined in physics and the part of potential energy that is known as ‘electrical energy’.
Elhub
Elhub is the Norwegian power industry's common data hub, where all data from electricity meters across the country is collected in a common system.
Full-stack
Full-stack is a term used as a description of the process or delivery where a developer or a team delivers both the front-end and the back-end of a given system.
Front-end
Front-end programming is also called client-side programming, and is the development of websites with the associated client-side programming, for example with frameworks such as React, Angular or Vue.
Flows
Flows is an architectural component for computation and results management, developed and designed by Cegal to meet growing challenges in geoscience software.
Geophysics
Geophysics is a discipline of geosciences concerned with the use of mathematics, physics, programming, and modeling to study the physical processes and properties of the Earth.
GeoCloud
GeoCloud is Cegal's vendor-neutral cloud solution within the oil and gas industry that gathers all your applications and data in one integrated platform.
Google Cloud
Google Cloud Platform, is a suite of cloud services provided by Google.
Geoscience
Geoscience is a collective term for science and research related to the Earth, and is part of planetary sciences
Geology
Geology is the study of the Earth — how it is built up and how it develops.
Google Pay
Google Pay is an easy way to pay, where physical bank cards are replaced by a smartphone, tablet or other supported device, such as a smartwatch.
GDPR
General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a regulation which is intended to protect the privacy of citizens of EU and EEA countries.
Guarantee of Origin
A Guarantee of Origin is an electronic guarantee that serves as documentation that electrical power has been generated and delivered to the grid from a specified power plant.
Grid company
A grid company is a company that owns and operates a transmission network for electrical energy. Grid companies own and are responsible for the electricity distribution grid and for ensuring that the electricity is transported to your house.
GoLang
GoLang is a statically written, compiled programming language designed by Google.
Grid tariff
Grid tariff is a fee that is intended to cover the development, operation and maintenance of the electricity grid. The grid tariff is paid to the local grid company and collected on behalf of the state.
HTML
HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is the fundamental technology used to define the structure of a webpage.
HPC
Cegal uses HPC both on-premises and in the cloud. Cetegra offers a turn-key HPC solution.
HPD
The Cetegra high-performance desktop has been developed by Cegal to give our customers both the flexibility and the transparency they need to achieve their goals.
HashiCorp Nomad
HashiCorp Nomad is a simple, flexible and production grade "workload orchestrator", which enables organisations to distribute, manage and scale any application.
HashiCorp Vault
HashiCorp Vault is a tool for secure access to secrets. A secret is anything that you want to control access to, such as API keys, passwords and certificates. 
HashiCorp
HashiCorp is an open source driven software company founded by Mitchell Hashimoto and Armon Dadgar in 2012 with the aim of revolutionising data centre management: application development, delivery and maintenance. 
Human Algorithms
Artificial intelligence/Machine learning/Deep learning are umbrella terms for "intelligent" or learning algorithms. They can therefore have a human angle, what we call "Human Algorithms" — the human side of algorithms.
Hubro
Hubro is a suite of assistance, monitoring and operating services for databases provided by Cegal. We chose the name Hubro for this service precisely because the Hubro has 360-degree vision and incredible night vision. Our solution looks after your data while you sleep.
Hadoop
Hadoop is an open source code program designed to handle the storage of large amounts of data and the running of applications on clusters of ordinary computers.
HAN port
HAN stands for ‘Home Area Network’. All new electricity meters (smart meters) have an output called the HAN port, which allows for new solutions and services under the umbrella term ‘smart homes’.
ISO 27001
ISO 27001 is a standard in the area of Information security management, issued by ISO (The International Organization for Standardization).
ISMS
ISMS stands for Information Security Management System. It’s a set of policies and rules for governing processes, controls, and technology.
IaC
Infrastructure as code (IaC) is the managing and provisioning of infrastructure through code instead of through manual processes.
Integration
Integrations are the foundation of IT solutions where systems that are not developed using the same coding system can interact and work together as a whole.
Internet of Senses
Internet of Senses is about using the brain as an interface to exchange the cognitive senses with users. Technology will 'dilute' the interface between a physical and a digital experience
IaaS
Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) is an infrastructure for data processing which is administered and managed over the internet.
IoT
IoT stands for the ‘Internet of Things’. It concerns the things around us that can be connected to the internet. When things are connected to the internet, they can interconnect and talk to each other and with their surroundings.
Interconnect
Interconnect is the term that is used for the collaboration between Oracle and Microsoft, where Oracle Cloud is seamlessly connected to Microsoft Azure.
Invoice template
An invoice template is a layout which helps companies to create and send customer invoices.
JavaScript
JavaScript, often abbreviated as JS, is a programming language that is one of the core technologies of the World Wide Web, alongside HTML and CSS.
Java
Java is an object-oriented programming language
Kanban
Kanban is a method of dealing with complex development tasks and originates from the agile tradition.
Klimahub
Klimahub.no is a portal that presents the climate footprint of companies in Norway.
Kubernetes
Kubernetes is an open container for data clusters developed by Google.
Kafka
Kafka is an open source streaming platform
Linux
Linux is the core that is used by Linux-based operating systems. Unlike the Windows and OS X for Mac operating systems, Linux-based operating systems are based on open source.
Low-code
Low-code is a software development approach which enables applications to be delivered both faster and with minimal hand-coding.
Lean
Lean is a methodology for developing businesses and products which aims to shorten product development cycles and rapidly determine whether or not a proposed business model is viable.
Multi-cloud
As the word suggests, multi-cloud, multi cloud or multicloud computing is the use of clouds from more than one public cloud provider.
Machine learning
ML is short for machine learning, which is a branch of artificial intelligence (AI), a multidisciplinary field with contributions from computer science, mathematics, computational statistics and others.
MongoDB
MongoDB stands for Mongo Database, and is a popular platform-independent document-oriented database application.
Mobile payment
With mobile payment, you can easily pay from or via your mobile phone using an app. Instead of paying by cash or credit card, you can use a mobile phone to pay for a wide range of services.
MS SQL
MS SQL stands for Microsoft SQL Server and is Microsoft's database management system.
Managed Services
Managed Services can be explained as outsourcing of the responsibility to maintain a variety of processes and functions in order to improve operations and reduce expenses in a business.
Multichannel
Multichannel is a term that is used in many arenas. In the "billing world", it means "a common platform for distributing all types of documents via all available distribution channels."
Microservices
Microservices Architecture is an architectural style that structures an application as a collection of services.
MySQL
MySQL is a database management system which is licensed as open source and runs on most common operating systems.
MLOps
MLOps or ML Ops stands for ‘machine learning operations’ and can be described as DevOps for machine learning.
Microsoft
Microsoft is a US software company best known for the Windows operating system and the Office software suite.
NextGen
Over recent years NextGen has been widely used to describe a product or technology that has been developed to replace current products or technology.
NoSQL
NoSQL is a database that can handle vast amounts of unstructured data in different ways compared to SQL (relational database) with tables and rows.
NFC
NFC is short for “Near-Field Communication”.
ODiSI
One Dimensional Stochastic Inversion (ODiSI) is an innovative approach to seismic inversion.
Oracle Exadata
Oracle Analytics is a complete suite of Business Intelligence, reporting and visualisation tools.
On-Premises
‘On-Premises’ means that local software is installed and runs on computers in the company's own IT environment. This is used instead of an external facility, such as a server farm or cloud solution.
Oracle Analytics
Oracle Analytics is a complete suite of Business Intelligence, reporting and visualisation tools.
Open Source
Some programmers and companies choose to make source code for a computer program available online, so that other people can inspect, modify and use it for free. This is often called Open Source.
Operating system
An operating system is the most important software which runs on a computer. It controls the computer's memory, processes and all software and hardware.
ODA
ODA is often used as an abbreviation for Oracle Database Appliance.
Oracle ODI
Oracle ODI stands for Oracle Data Integrator.
Oracle OCI
Oracle OCI stands for Oracle Cloud Infrastructure
Oracle CPU/SPU
Oracle Critical Patch Update (CPU) is an ongoing series of regularly issued fixes for security flaws in products made or maintained by Oracle.
Oracle
Oracle is a US listed company which develops IT tools for database storage, company planning, and customer relationship management systems.
Petrel
Cegal can offer to host Petrel, along with any other software applications a customer may use as part of the GeoCloud/Cetegra IT solution.
Power Company
A power company is an enterprise that produces different forms of energy, which it then sells to end users. It could be electrical energy, district heating (the heating of water), gas or similar.
Power Plant
A power plant is a plant which generates electrical energy. Examples are hydropower plants, solar farms and gas-fired power plants.
Power generator
A power generator is a power company that owns power plants and generates electrical power/electrical energy.
Power generation
Power generation is the process of generating electrical power from sources of primary energy.
Power Supplier
A power supplier is a company that you purchase electricity from. You can choose from amongst many different suppliers, all of which offer different prices and terms and conditions.
Power Balance
In an energy-dimensioned production system for electrical energy, ‘power balance’ means the relationship between the system's overall production capacity and the annual consumption of electrical energy.
Patch
A Patch is a set of changes to a computer program or supporting data that is intended to improve the functionality, usability or performance of the application.
PEPPOL
PEPPOL stands for Pan European Public Procurement Online, and is a digital infrastructure for electronic commerce in Europe. PEPPOL ensures that companies can easily send and receive electronic invoices across national borders.
PSD2
PSD2 stands for Payment Services Directive No. 2, or the Norwegian Payment Services Directive. It is the latest version of the EU Directive that regulates payment services within the EU and EEA.
PostgreSQL
PostgreSQL, also known as Postgres, is an open source relational database, also known as a ‘database management system’.
Python
Python is an object-oriented programming language.
Power BI
Power BI is a business intelligence service that is provided by Microsoft. BI is an abbreviation for Business Intelligence.
PaaS
PaaS is an abbreviation for "Platform as a Service".
Quantum computing
Quantum computing is based on the principles of quantum mechanics and is fundamentally different from ordinary computers.
Reservoir Engineering
Reservoir engineering is a branch of petroleum engineering that applies scientific principles to the fluid flow through porous medium during the development and production of oil and gas reservoirs so as to obtain a high economic recovery.
React
React is an open-source front-end JavaScript library for building user interfaces based on UI components. It is maintained by Meta (formerly Facebook) and a community of individual developers and companies.
Ransomware
Ransomware is a collective name for a type of malicious code used by cybercriminals to lock access to data or IT systems, or steal data.
Rock physics
Rock physics characterize rock properties based on seismic data to determine the porosity of rocks and the velocity of seismic waves traveling through them.
Renewable energy
Renewable energy is quite simply energy sources which we cannot run out of, e.g. solar, hydro and wind power.
RPA
RPA stands for Robot Process Automation. RPA is used to digitalise, or automate, routine tasks using robotics and artificial intelligence.
Robotisation
Robotisation is an initiative that can be part of the automation of a process or a business.
REAL
The Red Expert Alliance (REAL) is a global network of Oracle experts.
R (Programming Language)
R is a programming language for statistical data processing and graphical display of data.
Seismic Inversion
In Geophysics (primarily in oil-and-gas exploration/development), seismic inversion is the process of transforming seismic reflection data into a quantitative rock-property description of a reservoir.
Systemtech
Systemtech helps IT operations managers, finance professionals, hosts and database administrators to create performance and high security on their Microsoft SQL databases and data platforms.
SLA
Service Level Agreement (SLA) is an agreement between two or more parties, where one is the customer, and the others are service providers.
Seismic Data
Cegal and BP have jointly developed one of the most advanced Seismic Inversion algorithms available on the market, Blueback ODiSI.
Sustainability
Sustainability is a term that is used to characterize economic, social, institutional and environmental aspects of human societies.
Sandboxing
When we talk about “Sandboxing”, we are not referring to the sandpits that children play in at the park, but software sandboxes. These sandboxes have a pivotal purpose: to prevent the spread of an attack.
SYSCO ePortal
SYSCO ePortal is a total financial management solution for the energy industry, which can boost both productivity and efficiency.
SYSCO Finans
SYSCO Finans is an accountancy firm which provides accountancy services for customers within a range of industries. SYSCO Finans also offers the SYSCO ePortal solution.
Scope creep
As you would expect from the name, this term refers to something that gradually keeps getting bigger and bigger.
SQL Service
SQL Service is a niche company which, as its name suggests, works with SQL. The company was founded in Sweden in 2009 and became part of the Cegal family in 2021.
SQL
Structured Query Language SQL is a standardised language for querying a database. This is done when you want to modify content or extract data from a relational database.
SOA
Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) brings together features of devices or services which developers make available to others.
Statnett
Statnett is a Norwegian state-owned company which develops, owns and operates the central power distribution grid in Norway.
SmartWeb
SmartWeb is a Danish online store provider. SmartWeb has over 6,000 online stores on its platform, in Denmark, Norway and elsewhere.
Smart home
The term ‘smart home’ covers electrical installations which can help to give a home lower energy consumption, greater comfort, easier operation or a higher level of security.
Scrum
Scrum is a process framework which was developed to support complex product development.
SaaS
SaaS stands for "Software as a Service". Software as a Service actually refers to software which is provided as a cloud service.
Settlement
When a Grid company calculates how much you have to pay in grid tariff and your electricity consumption, they will prepare a settlement.
TypeScript
TypeScript is an open-source programming language developed and maintained by Microsoft.
The CIA Triad
The CIA Triad is a well-known model for developing policies and regulations in the field of information security.
TIA
TIA Solution is an application that handles all major insurance processes, and supports and manages the entire insurance value chain.
Tripletex
Tripletex is a Norwegian supplier of accounting systems with the vision of being the first choice and a "one stop shop" for the SME market and accountants
Tardis
Tardis is an integration between SmartWeb and Tripletex which simplifies customer billing.
Test automation
In software testing, test automation is the use of software which is separate from the software that is being tested in order to monitor the performance of the test and compare the actual outcome with the predicted outcome.
UX
UX stands for User eXperience design. The applied knowledge of how to design and develop websites and applications to provide the best user experience for all user groups. The focus is on ease of use, utility, desirability, brand perception, and performance.
Velocity Modeling
Velocity modeling or depth conversion is the geophysical method where seismic data are converted from travel time to subsurface depth.
Vue
Vue is a JavaScript framework that is used primarily for building user interfaces and single-page applications. It builds on top of standard HTML, CSS and JavaScript, and provides a declarative and component-based programming model.
VMware
VMware is the world's leading provider of virtualisation software and private cloud solutions. VMware enables you to use different operating systems such as Windows and Linux simultaneously.
Visma
Visma is a supplier of software, outsourcing services, procurement solutions, collection services, store data solutions and IT-related development and consulting services.
WebLogic
WebLogic is an application server developed by Oracle.
Zero Trust
Zero Trust concerns the level of security that a system should have, and is based around the view that no one at a company can be considered to be completely trustworthy by default (Zero Trust).

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